Medical Abbreviations

By | March 3, 2017
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Its too much difficult to read and understand the doctor’s note or the letters and numbers on a prescription. Health care professionals often quickly scribble notes with important medical information that they would like a patient to reference in regard to the type of current, or recently diagnosed disease, syndrome, or other health condition(s).

 

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Doctors and other health care professionals commonly use a list of abbreviations, acronyms, and other medical terminology as a reference to rapidly search and accurately record information about, and give instructions to their patients. There is no standard or approved list used by health care professionals to search for medical acronyms or abbreviations. Therefore, it is important to understand the context in which the abbreviation or term has been used. I have tried to collect the important and commonly used medical abbreviations which may help you understand some of the doctor’s note.

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  • ABC. . airway, breathing, circulation
  • ABGs. . arterial blood gases
  • AC . . air conduction
  • ACE . . angiotensin converting enzyme
  • ACTH. . adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • ADH. . antidiuretic hormone
  • AF. . atrial fibrillation
  • AFP. . alpha fetoprotein
  • AIDS. . acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • ANA. . antinuclear antibody
  • ANCA. . antinuclear antibody
  • ANF. . antinuclear factor
  • Anti-CCP. . anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide
  • AP. . anteroposterior
  • APTT. . activated partial thromboplastin time
  • ARF. . acute renal failure
  • AXR. . abdominal X-rays

 

  • BC. . bone conduction
  • BCG. . bacilli Calmette-Guerin
  • BPPV. . benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • BUN. . blood urea nitrogen
  • c-ANCA. . cytoplasmic-staining antineutrophi cytoplasmic antibody
  • CAPD. . continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • CCF. . congestive cardiac failure
  • CK-MB. . creatine kinase-myocardial type
  • CMV. . cytomegalovirus
  • CNS. . central nervous system
  • COPD. . chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • CRF. . chronic renal failure
  • CREST. . calcinosis cutis-Raynaud phenomenon- oesophageal hypomobility-sclerodactyly-telangiectsia
  • CRP. . C-reactive protein
  • C&S. . culture and sensitivity
  • CSF. . cerebrospinal fluid
  • CT. . computerized tomography
  • CVA. . cerebrovascular accident
  • CVP. . central venous pressure
  • CXR. . Chest X-ray
  • DDAVP. . 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin
  • DDH. . developmental dysplasia of the hip
  • DHEA. . dehydroepiandrosterone
  • DIC. . disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • DIP. . distal interphalangeal
  • DMSA. . dimercaptosuccinic acid

 

  • DVT. . deep vein thrombosis
  • EBV. . Epstein-Barr virus
  • ECG. . electrocardiogram
  • EEG. . encephalogram
  • ELISA. . enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
  • EM. . electron microscope
  • EMG. . electromyography
  • EMSU. . early morning specimen of urine
  • ERCP. . endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • ESR. . erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • FBC. . full blood count
  • FEV1 . .forced expiratory volume (1 second)
  • FNAC. . fine-needle aspiration cytology
  • FSH. . follicle stimulating hormone
  • FVC. . forced vital capacity
  • GBM. . glomerular basement membrane
  • GCS. . Glasgow coma scale
  • GI. . gastrointestinal
  • GORD. . gastro-oesphageal reflux disease
  • G6PD. . glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
  • GTN. . glyceral trinitrate
  • GUM. . genito-urinary medicine
  • Hb. . haemoglobin
  • 5HIAA. . 5-hyroxyindoleactic acid
  • HIV. . human immunodeficiency virus
  • IGF-1. . insulin growth factor 1
  • Ig. . immunoglobulin
  • IP. . interphalangeal
  • ITP. . idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • IVC. . inferior vena cava
  • IVU. . intravenous urography

 

  • JVP. . jugular venous pressure
  • KUB. . kidney ureter bladder (plain X-ray)
  • LDH. . lactate dehydrogenase
  • LFTs. . liver function tests
  • LH. . luteinizing hormone
  • LIF. . left iliac fossa
  • LVF. . left ventricular failure
  • MAG3. . mercapto acetyl triglycine
  • MCH. . mean corpuscular haemoglobin
  • MCHC. . mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration
  • MCP. . metacarpophalangeal
  • MCV. . mean corpuscular volume
  • ME. . myalgic encephalomyelitis
  • MEN. . multiple endocrine neoplasia
  • MRA. . magnetic resonance angiography
  • MRCP. . magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
  • MRI. . magnetic resonance imaging
  • MSU. . midstream specimen of urine
  • MTP. . metatarsophalangeal
  • NSAID. . non steroidal anti inflammatory drug
  • NSTEMI. . non ST elevated myocardial infarction
  • OGD. . oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • PAS. . periodic acid-schiff
  • PCR. . polymerase chain reaction
  • PCV. .  packed cell volume
  • PIP. . proximal interphalangeal
  • PR. . per rectum
  • PSA. . prostate specific antigen
  • PT. . prothrombin time
  • PTC. . percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
  • PTH. . parathyroid hormone

 

  • PV. . per vaginam
  • RAST. . radio allergen sorbent test
  • RBC. . red blood cell
  • RDW. . red cell distribution width
  • RF. . rheumatoid fator
  • RTA. . road traffic accident
  • SIADH. . syndrome of inappropriate anti diuretic hormone
  • SLE. . systemic lupus erythematosus
  • STD. . sexually transmitted disease
  • STEMI. . ST segment elevated myocardial infarction
  • T4. . thyroxine
  • TATTS. . tired all the time syndrome
  • TB. . tuberculosis
  • TFTs. . thyroid function tests
  • TIA. . transient ischemic attack
  • TIBC. . total iron binding capacity
  • TPN. . total parenteral nutrition
  • TSH. . thyroid stimulating hormone
  • TT. . thrombin time
  • U & Es. . urea and electrolytes
  • US. . ultrasonography
  • UTI. . urinary tract infection
  • VDRL. . veneral disease research laboratory
  • V/Q. . ventilation/perfusion ratio
  • WCC. . white cell count
  • IM. . intramuscular
  • IV. . intravascular
  • SC. . subcutaneous

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