- There are three stages of HIV infection.
- Stage 1 after initial infection can feel like flu, but not everyone will experience this.
- Stage 2 may last for 10 years or so, with no more apparent symptoms.
- Stage 3 is when the immune system has been so badly damaged that it can no longer fight off serious infections and diseases.
- The earlier you have HIV diagnosed, the better your likely long-term health.
- Because many people do not have any symptoms for stages 1 and 2, HIV often gets transmitted from people who simply don’t know they are infected.
The symptoms of HIV can differ from person-to-person and some people may not get any symptoms at all for many years. Without treatment, the virus will get worse over time and damage your immune system. There are three broad stages of HIV infection, with different possible effects.Here in this article we will show you some useful information about the most common signs and symptoms of HIV. Make sure you remember them and share it with your friends and family.
While having the flu, sudden fever can be a normal thing. However if this fever stays for too long, then you need to visit your doctor and do some tests immediately. You must know that this is a major symptom of HIV.
At this point you need to know that the HIV virus directly affects your stamina. This virus also reduces your energy levels. Therefore if you feel tired all the time, you must visit your doctor immediately.
3. Muscle ache
If your legs, back and joints hurt a lot even when doing the everyday routine tasks, then it is time to visit your doctor.
4. Headache and sore throat
If you have this virus, your immunity will get weak and therefore the infections will attack you very easily. That is why you will often feel irritation in your throat and also you will feel a strong headache for many days and even nights.
Your skin reveals your overall health. At this point you need to know that the HIV effect also shows on the skin in the form of itchy rashes.
6. Weight loss
If you have suddenly lost your appetite and you have started to lose weight, then it is the best to visit your doctor.
7. Dry cough
You need to know that the formation of dry sticky cough that remains in your throat is one of the major symptoms of HIV.
8. Sweating in nights
If you are having problem sleeping, if you cannot find your position and you have difficulty breathing, if your body sweats in any temperature, then you need to visit your doctor.
9. Brittle unhealthy nails
You need to know that color changes in your nails can indicate that you are having HIV. Namely if you have HIV your nails will turn yellow.
10. Difficulty in concentration and focus
As you probably already know unhealthy body leads to an unhealthy mind. Therefore if you feel restless all the time and struggle a lot to set focus in your work, then make sure that you visit your doctor as soon as possible.
These symptoms occurs in different stages of the HIV. it is divided in stages as.
Stage 1: Acute primary infection
Around one to four weeks after becoming infected with HIV, some people will experience symptoms that can feel a lot like flu. This may not last long (a week or two) and you may only get some of the flu symptoms – or none at all. Experiencing these symptoms alone is not a reliable way of diagnosing HIV.
You should always visit your doctor if you are worried you have been at risk of HIV infection, even if you don’t feel unwell or have any of the following symptoms. They can then arrange for you to have an HIV test.
Symptoms can include:
- fever (raised temperature)
- body rash
- sore throat
- swollen glands
- upset stomach
- body rash
- joint aches and pains
- muscle pain.
These symptoms can happen because your body is reacting to the HIV virus. Cells that are infected with HIV are circulating throughout your blood system. Your immune system, in response, tries to attack the virus by producing HIV antibodies. This process is called seroconversion. It usually happens within 45 days of infection and can take up to a few months to complete.
It’s important that you always use a condom when having sex, especially if you think you have been exposed to HIV. It may be too early to get an accurate HIV test result at this stage (this can take anything from a few weeks to a few months), but the levels of virus in your blood system are very high at this stage.
Stage 2: The asymptomatic stage
Once the seroconversion stage is over, many people start to feel better. In fact, the HIV virus may not reveal any other symptoms for up to 10 or even 15 years (depending on age, background and overall health). However, the virus will still be active, infecting new cells and making copies of itself. Over time this will cause a lot of damage to your immune system.
Stage 3: Symptomatic HIV infection
By the third stage of HIV infection there has been a lot of damage to your immune system. At this point, you are more likely to get serious infections or bacterial and fungal diseases that you would otherwise be able to fight off. These infections are referred to as ‘opportunistic infections’. If a person develops serious opportunistic infections they are now said to have AIDS.
Symptoms that you may have during this time can include:
- weight loss
- chronic diarrhoea
- night sweats
- a fever
- a persistent cough
- mouth and skin problems
- regular infections
- serious illnesses or diseases.
It’s important to understand that AIDS is a syndrome, not a virus or disease in its own right. This means it is diagnosed from a set of symptoms that happen when you become very ill from other serious infections or diseases. There isn’t a test for AIDS and you can’t inherit it.
If you have advanced HIV (with AIDS-defining symptoms), it is really important to get the right treatment as soon as possible. With treatment it is still possible to recover from AIDS-related infections and diseases and bring HIV under control – but the earlier you have HIV diagnosed, the better your likely long-term health.
Source:http://healthadvisorgroup.com , Avert.org