Category Archives: Emergency Medicine

Everything You Should Know About Penile Fractures

Overview A penile fracture is a tear in the tunica albuginea. The tunica albuginea is the rubbery sheath of tissue below the skin that allows the penis to increase in width and length to produce a firm erection. Sometimes the erectile tissue beneath the tunica albuginea also ruptures. That’s known as the corpus cavernosum. Penile… Read More »

Facial Trauma : Immediate Management

Definition Maxillofacial injuries may be dramatic in appearance but are rarely life-threatening, unless airway, breathing, or circulation are compromised as a result of the injury. Immediate Management Secure the airway: An emergency surgical airway may be necessary if orotracheal intubation is not possible. (Note: A cricothyroidotomy takes significantly less time than a tracheostomy and should… Read More »

Acute Compartment Syndrome – Overview

What is it? Compartment syndrome is defined as increased pressure within a compartment of the body, commonly in the arm or leg. Acute compartment syndrome is caused by trauma. Common causes Major trauma e.g. car crash Lower leg or radial/ulnar fractures Crush injuries Plaster of Paris casts – causing restriction Burns Pathophysiology Muscular compartments are… Read More »

First Aid : How to Stitch Up Wounds ?

Placement Sutures are placed by mounting a needle with attached suture into a needle holder. The needle point is pressed into the flesh, advanced along the trajectory of the needle’s curve until it emerges, and pulled through. The trailing thread is then tied into a knot, usually a square knot or surgeon’s knot. Sutures should… Read More »

What to do if you see an accident ?

The first thing to do in case of car accident is to remain calm and not to panic. After you calm yourself, the next best thing to do is to seek for help quickly however we all know from movies that help often times comes later on in the movie which is sadly to say… Read More »

Here’s What to Do in a Bleeding Emergency

Everyone should know what to do for someone who is severely bleeding, experts say. Teaching people a few basic steps, similar to how people are taught CPR, could help someone who is severely bleeding survive until help arrives, said Dr. Matthew Levy, an associate professor of emergency medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of… Read More »

How To Do CPR

CPR stands for cardio pulmonary resuscitation and is the only resuscitation technique in cardiac arrest that has any scientific evidence of having an affect on the survival outcomes of the patient. CPR was first identified as earlly as 1760, when attempts at resuscitation following cardiac arrest were documented in Amersterdam. Because Amersterdam had many canals… Read More »